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https://www.codas.org.br/journal/codas/article/doi/10.1590/2317-1782/20212021064
CoDAS
Artigo Original

Repetition of anchor stimuli and nature of vocal samples in the perceptual auditory judgment performed by speech-language pathology students

Repetição de estímulos âncoras e natureza das amostras vocais no julgamento perceptivo-auditivo realizado por estudantes de fonoaudiologia

Noemi de Oliveira Bispo; Rosiane Yamasaki; Marina Martins Pereira Padovani; Mara Behlau

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Abstract

Purpose: Verify the effect of anchor repetition in the perceptual auditory judgement of the type of vocal deviation performed by speech-language pathology (SLP) students; analyze the correlation between the amount of different vocal dimensions in the same stimuli and accuracy; investigate the correlation between type of vocal deviation and accuracy. Methods: 54 SLP students were divided in two groups: Group with repetition (GwR), 28 students; and, Group with no repetition (GnR), 26 students. The analyzed sample counted with 220 dysphonic human voices, vowel /ε/. The GwR heard three anchor stimuli before the judgement and every 20 voices during the assessment. The GnR heard the anchor only before beginning the judgement. The anchor stimuli counted with one rough, one breathy and one strain voice. These classifications were compared with reference judgements from three expert SLPs. The intra and inter-rater reliability, the correlation between the amount of different vocal dimensions in the same stimuli and type of vocal deviation with accuracy were assessed. Results: The accuracy between type of deviation was similar among groups. The GwR presented slightly higher intra and inter-rater reliability. The student’s accuracy was inversely proportional to the amount of different vocal dimensions in the stimuli. Breathiness presented the highest accuracy and strain presented the lowest accuracy. Conclusion: The repetition of anchor stimuli improved intra and inter-rater reliability. However, it was not effective in the accuracy of the type of vocal deviation. The amount of different vocal dimensions in the stimuli have influence in the students’ accuracy

Keywords

Voice; Voice Disorders; Dysphonia; Voice Quality; Auditory Perception

Resumo

Objetivo: Verificar o efeito da repetição de estímulos âncoras no julgamento perceptivo auditivo do desvio vocal predominante realizado por estudantes de fonoaudiologia; analisar a relação entre o número de dimensões vocais dos estímulos sonoros e a acurácia; e investigar a relação entre o desvio vocal predominante e a acurácia. Método: Participaram da pesquisa 54 estudantes de fonoaudiologia, divididos em: Grupo Com Repetição - GCR com 28 alunos; e Grupo Sem Repetição - GSR, 26 alunos. A amostra vocal consistiu de 220 vozes humanas disfônicas, vogal /ε/. O GCR escutou três estímulos âncoras, uma voz rugosa, uma soprosa e uma tensa, no início da tarefa e a cada 20 vozes. O GSR escutou os estímulos âncoras somente no início da tarefa de avaliação. Estas classificações foram comparadas com respostas referências produzidas por 3 fonoaudiólogas experientes. Analisamos a acurácia e a confiabilidade intra e interavaliadores, a correlação entre número de dimensões vocais e acurácia e a relação entre desvio vocal predominante e acurácia. Resultados: Os grupos tiveram desempenhos semelhantes na acurácia do desvio vocal predominante. A confiabilidade intra e interavaliadores foi discretamente maior no GCR. A acurácia dos alunos foi inversamente proporcional ao número de dimensões vocais presentes nos estímulos. O desvio vocal de maior acurácia foi a soprosidade, e a de menor, a tensão. Conclusão: A repetição dos estímulos âncoras melhorou a confiabilidade dos estudantes, mas não se mostrou efetiva na acurácia da classificação do desvio vocal predominante. O número de dimensões vocais nos estímulos sonoros interferiu na acurácia dos alunos.

Palavras-chave

Voz; Distúrbios da voz; Disfonia; Qualidade da Voz; Percepção Auditiva

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