CoDAS
https://www.codas.org.br/journal/codas/article/doi/10.1590/2317-1782/20212021241en
CoDAS
Revisão Crítica ou Revisão de Escopo

Reducing the gap between science and clinic: lessons from academia and professional practice - part B: traditional vocal therapy techniques and modern electrostimulation and photobiomodulation techniques applied to vocal rehabilitation

Reduzindo o gap entre a ciência e a clínica: lições da academia e da prática profissional – parte B: técnicas tradicionais de terapia vocal e técnicas modernas de eletroestimulação e fotobiomodulação aplicadas à reabilitação vocal

Mara Behlau; Anna Alice Almeida; Geová Amorim; Patrícia Balata; Sávio Bastos; Mauriceia Cassol; Ana Carolina Constantini; Claudia Eckley; Marina Englert; Ana Cristina Cortes Gama; Ingrid Gielow; Bruno Guimarães; Livia Ribeiro Lima; Leonardo Lopes; Glaucya Madazio; Felipe Moreti; Vanessa Mouffron; Katia Nemr; Priscila Oliveira; Marina Padovani; Vanessa Veis Ribeiro; Kelly Silverio; Thays Vaiano; Rosiane Yamasaki

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Abstract

This text is the continuation of the XVIII SBFa Congress publication. In part “A” we presented the analyses on clinical vocal evaluation. Part “B” focuses on vocal rehabilitation: 4. Traditional techniques of vocal therapy; 5. Modern techniques of electrostimulation and photobiomodulation applied to vocal rehabilitation. The numerous studies on the various programs, methods, and techniques of traditional rehabilitation techniques, and many with high quality of evidence, allow us to consider such procedures relatively well described, safe, and with known effects, accounting for the treatment of various vocal disorders. The scientific evidence with traditional techniques is recognized worldwide. New fronts of evolution, with electrostimulation or photobiomodulation used to handle voice problems, seem to be promising as coadjutant approaches. There are more studies on electrostimulation in vocal rehabilitation than with photobiomodulation; however, scientific evidence for these two modern techniques is still limited. Knowledge and caution are required for the application of either technique.

Keywords

Voice; Voice Disorder; Voice Training; Therapy; Vocal Rehabilitation

Resumo

O presente texto é a continuação da publicação referente ao XVIII Congresso da SBFa. Na parte “A” apresentamos análises sobre avaliação clínica vocal. O foco da parte “B” são aspectos de reabilitação vocal: 4. Técnicas tradicionais de terapia vocal; 5. Técnicas modernas de eletroestimulação e fotobiomodulação aplicadas à reabilitação. Os inúmeros estudos sobre os diversos programas, métodos ou técnicas tradicionais de reabilitação, muitos de elevada qualidade de evidência, permitem considerar tais procedimentos relativamente bem descritos, seguros e com efeitos conhecidos, dando conta do tratamento de diversos distúrbios vocais. As evidências científicas com as técnicas tradicionais são reconhecidas mundialmente. Novas frentes de evolução, como o uso da eletroestimulação ou fotobiomodulação em voz parecem ser promissoras como abordagens coadjuvantes. Há mais estudos sobre eletroestimulação em voz do que com fotobiomodulação, contudo, evidências científicas para essas duas técnicas modernas são ainda limitadas. Conhecimento e cautela são necessários para a aplicação de quaisquer técnicas.

Palavras-chave

Voz; Distúrbio da Voz; Treinamento da Voz; Fonoterapia; Reabilitação Vocal

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